A mathematical model of frost heave in granular materials
Piper, David (1987) A mathematical model of frost heave in granular materials. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
An initial review of the various theories of frost heave indicated that Miller's theory of secondary heave was the most convincing. The crucial area in this is the representation of the behaviour in the partially frozen region, known as the frozen fringe, which exists below the lowest ice lens. However, the computational difficulties of the associated mathematical model were likely to limit its application. A simpler quasi-static approach for a semi-infinite region had therefore been initiated, for a restricted range of conditions, by Holden.
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