Evaluation of atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry analysis linked with chemometrics for food classification - a case study: geographical provenance and cultivars classification of monovarietal clarified apple juices

Gan, Heng-Hui and Soukoulis, Christos and Fisk, Ian D. (2014) Evaluation of atmospheric pressure chemical ionisation mass spectrometry analysis linked with chemometrics for food classification - a case study: geographical provenance and cultivars classification of monovarietal clarified apple juices. Food Chemistry, 146 . pp. 149-156. ISSN 0308-8146

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Abstract

In the present work, we have evaluated for first time the feasibility of APCI-MS volatile compound fingerprinting in conjunction with chemometrics (PLS-DA) as a new strategy for rapid and non-destructive food classification. For this purpose 202 clarified monovarietal juices extracted from apples differing in their botanical and geographical origin were used for evaluation of the performance of APCI-MS as a classification tool. For an independent test set PLS-DA analyses of pre-treated spectral data gave 100% and 94.2% correct classification rate for the classification by cultivar and geographical origin, respectively. Moreover, PLS-DA analysis of APCI-MS in conjunction with GC–MS data revealed that masses within the spectral ACPI-MS data set were related with parent ions or fragments of alkyesters, carbonyl compounds (hexanal, trans-2-hexenal) and alcohols (1-hexanol, 1-butanol, cis-3-hexenol) and had significant discriminating power both in terms of cultivar and geographical origin.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Chemometric techniques; Authenticity; Apple; APCI-MS; PLS-DA
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences > Division of Food Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.024
Depositing User: Fisk, Dr Ian
Date Deposited: 12 May 2015 09:42
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 23:27
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/28806

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