Provision of smoking cessation support for pregnant women in England: results from an online survey of NHS stop smoking services for pregnant women

Fahy, Samantha and Cooper, Sue and Coleman, Tim and Naughton, Felix and Bauld, Linda (2014) Provision of smoking cessation support for pregnant women in England: results from an online survey of NHS stop smoking services for pregnant women. BMC Health Services Research, 14 (107). ISSN 1472-6963

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Abstract

Background

Smoking during pregnancy is a major public health concern and an NHS priority. In 2010, 26% of UK women smoked immediately before or during their pregnancy and 12% smoked continuously. Smoking cessation support is provided through free at the point of use Stop Smoking Services for Pregnant women (SSSP). However, to date, little is known of how these services provide support across England. The aim of this study was to describe the key elements of support provided through English SSSP.

Methods

SSSP managers were invited to participate in this survey by email. Data were then collected via an online questionnaire; one survey was completed for each SSSP. Up to four reminder emails were sent over a two month period.

Results

86% (121 of 141) of services completed the survey. Responding services were, on average, larger than non-responding services in terms of the number of pregnant women setting quit dates and successfully quitting (p<0.01). In line with the 2010 NICE guidelines, Stop Smoking in Pregnancy and following Childbirth, one in five SSSP identified pregnant smokers using carbon monoxide (CO) testing and refer via an opt-out pathway. All services offered nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to pregnant women and 87% of services also offered dual therapy NRT, i.e. combination of a patch and short acting NRT product.. The 2010 NICE guidelines note that services should be flexible and client-centred. Consistent with this, SSSP offer pregnant women a range of support types (median 4) including couple/family, group (open or closed) or one-to-one. These are available in a number of locations (median 5), including in community venues, clinics and women’s homes.

Conclusions

English Stop Smoking Services offer behavioural support and pharmacotherapy to pregnant women motivated to quit smoking . Interventions provided are generally evidence-based and delivered in a variety of both social and health care settings.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: smoking cessation; smoking in pregnancy; service evaluation; nicotine replacement therapy; online survey
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Primary Care
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-14-107
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/14/107Publisher
Depositing User: Whitemore, Rachel
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2015 08:21
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 15:14
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/28633

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