Academic inventions outside the university: investigating patent ownership in the UK

Lawson, Cornelia (2013) Academic inventions outside the university: investigating patent ownership in the UK. Industry and Innovation, 20 (5). pp. 385-398. ISSN 1366-2716

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This paper investigates the ownership of academic patents for a sample of UK academics and challenges the existing definition of the university invention ownership model. The first descriptive results show that 50% of patents are owned by industry, however, 37% of these firm-assigned patents are in fact owned by university spin-offs. We investigate how university policy and funding acquisition impacts industry vs. university ownership, and find that funding from large firms predicts involvement in patenting and, to a lesser extent, firm ownership. University ownership of academic patents is more likely the higher the amount of funding coming from SMEs, and at universities that outsource the filing of patents. Spin-off patents occupy an intermediate position showing strong similarities to both firm and university patents.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Industry and Innovation on October 2013, available online:
Keywords: Academic patenting; University-industry collaboration; Sponsored research; Academic entrepreneurship; Patent ownership
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Social Sciences > Institute for Science and Society
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Lawson, Cornelia
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2015 08:41
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 05:10

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