Class and gender: social stratification of women in contemporary urban China

Tang, Yao (2015) Class and gender: social stratification of women in contemporary urban China. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

This thesis studies the method of gender social stratification and its circumstance in contemporary urban China. Firstly, a ‘social class schema’ is created after comparing the occupational classification in class schemas of Erikson-Goldthorpe-Portocarero and the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and taking into consideration of the Standard Occupational Classification system (2010). Later, each stratum is subdivided into three sectors to reflect the Chinese dualist system of state and market, and the divisions in the market. Based on this schema and the data sets from the Chinese Household Income Project, 2002 and 2007, the shares of each social stratum and the earnings distribution are discussed, especially gender comparisons and changes. Moreover, to further scrutinise the differences in the same social stratum and to observe the impact of the household on men and women, the principal component analysis is applied to create a direct and indirect ‘Social Class Index’ (SCI) for each observation. Both indices are comprehensive and combine many aspects of the social stratification. The indirect ‘SCI’ also reflects the impact of the household with a changed variable set. After inspecting the composition changes of the social groups constructed on direct and indirect ‘SCI,’ the adjusted social stratification of genders are illustrated.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Song, L.
Warren, T.
Keywords: Social Stratification; Gender Issues; Labour Market; Impact of the Household; Urban China
Subjects: H Social sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Social Sciences, Law and Education > School of Contemporary Chinese Studies
Item ID: 28453
Depositing User: Tang, Yao
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2015 09:12
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2016 09:46
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/28453

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