Access to antiepileptic drug therapy in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba

Bárzaga Arencibia, Zeina and López Leyvac, Alberto and Mejías Peñad, Yordanka and González Reyes, Alba Rosa and Acosta Nápolez, Maurilys and Carbonell Perdomo, Demetrio and Fernández Manzano, Edita and Choonara, Imti (2012) Access to antiepileptic drug therapy in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 20 (6). pp. 390-394. ISSN 0961-7671

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Abstract

bjective  To describe access to antiepileptic drug therapy and estimate the prevalence of epilepsy in children in Camagüey Province, Cuba.

Methods  All the community pharmacies in the province were visited and information collected about the number of children receiving antiepileptic drugs in 2009. Availability and cost of each antiepileptic drug were determined. The prevalence of epilepsy was estimated by determining the number of children receiving antiepileptic drugs.

Results  There were 923 children who received a total of 977 antiepileptic drugs in Camagüey Province. The estimated prevalence of epilepsy was 5.18 per thousand children which is lower than previously reported rates in other low and lower-middle income countries. Most of the children (871, 94%) received a single antiepileptic drug. Carbamazepine and valproate were the two most frequently prescribed antiepileptic drugs. Antiepileptic drugs were available from the local pharmacy on 76% of occasions. If the antiepileptic drug was not available from the local pharmacy, the parent had to travel to another pharmacy to obtain the medicine.

Conclusions  The estimated prevalence of epilepsy in children in Cuba is lower than that estimated in other lower-middle income countries. Access to drug therapy in children with epilepsy can be achieved in lower-middle income countries.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Medical Sciences and Graduate Entry Medicine
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-7174.2012.00215.x
Depositing User: Snowden, Ms Diane
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2014 13:25
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 12:33
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/2715

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