Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis
Tunney, Richard J. and Mullett, Timothy L. and Moross, Claudia J. and Gardner, Anna (2012) Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3 (208). ISSN 1664-1078
The butcher-on-the-bus is a rhetorical device or hypothetical phenomenon that is often used to illustrate how recognition decisions can be based on different memory processes (Mandler, 1980). The phenomenon describes a scenario in which a person is recognized but the recognition is accompanied by a sense of familiarity or knowing characterized by an absence of contextual details such as the person’s identity. We report two recognition memory experiments that use signal detection analyses to determine whether this phenomenon is evidence for a recollection plus familiarity model of recognition or is better explained by a univariate signal detection model. We conclude that there is an interaction between confidence estimates and remember-know judgments which is not explained fully by either single-process signal detection or traditional dual-process models.
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