Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis

Tunney, Richard J. and Mullett, Timothy L. and Moross, Claudia J. and Gardner, Anna (2012) Does the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon require a dual-process explanation? A signal detection analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3 (208). ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

The butcher-on-the-bus is a rhetorical device or hypothetical phenomenon that is often used to illustrate how recognition decisions can be based on different memory processes (Mandler, 1980). The phenomenon describes a scenario in which a person is recognized but the recognition is accompanied by a sense of familiarity or knowing characterized by an absence of contextual details such as the person’s identity. We report two recognition memory experiments that use signal detection analyses to determine whether this phenomenon is evidence for a recollection plus familiarity model of recognition or is better explained by a univariate signal detection model. We conclude that there is an interaction between confidence estimates and remember-know judgments which is not explained fully by either single-process signal detection or traditional dual-process models.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This Document is Protected by copyright and was first published by Frontiers. All rights reserved. it is reproduced with permission.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00208
Depositing User: Davies, Mrs Sarah
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2014 11:51
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 17:09
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/2654

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