A retrospective study of pyometra at five RSPCA hospitals in the United Kingdom: 1,728 cases from 2006-2011

Gibson, A. and Dean, Rachel and Yates, D. and Stavisky, Jenny (2013) A retrospective study of pyometra at five RSPCA hospitals in the United Kingdom: 1,728 cases from 2006-2011. Veterinary Record, 173 (16). ISSN 0042-4900

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Abstract

A retrospective cross-sectional study was used to analyse pyometra cases at five RSPCA

Animal Hospitals across the UK from 2006 to 2011. A total of 1728 cases of pyometra

were recovered from a female dog outpatient caseload of 78,469 animals, giving a total

prevalence of 2.2 per cent over the study period. There was an annual increase in the

incidence of pyometra within the population, while elective ovariohysterectomy caseload has

declined. There were variations in breed and age at presentation. Bullmastiffs (P<0.0001),

golden retrievers (P=0.001) and dogue de Bordeaux (P=0.008) were over-represented in the

pyometra population when compared with the female dog outpatient caseload. Mean age

at presentation was 7.7 years. Some breeds presented at a significantly lower age, including

dogue de Bordeaux (mean age 3.3 years) and bullmastiffs (mean age 5.4 years), while

others presented as older dogs, including Yorkshire terriers (mean age 9.4 years) and border

collies (mean age 10.3 years). Surgical mortality rate at the Greater Manchester Animal

Hospital was 3.2 per cent. Pyometra is of significant welfare concern, and also has cost

implications, particularly in charity practice. These results serve to highlight this condition

so that future change in charity practice caseload can be anticipated and strategies can be

directed to improve animal welfare.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.101514
Depositing User: Wahid, Ms. Haleema
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2014 11:00
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 18:40
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/2352

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