Retagging identifies dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 (ICAM3)-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) protein as a novel receptor for a major allergen from house dust mite

Emara, Mohamed and Royer, Pierre-Joseph and Mahdavi, Jafar and Shakib, Farouk and Ghaemmaghami, Amir M. (2012) Retagging identifies dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 (ICAM3)-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) protein as a novel receptor for a major allergen from house dust mite. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287 (8). pp. 5756-5763. ISSN 0021-9258

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Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to play a key role in the initiation and maintenance of immune responses to microbial pathogens as well as to allergens, but the exact mechanisms of their involvement in allergic responses and Th2 cell differentiation have remained elusive. Using retagging, we identified DCSIGN as a novel receptor involved in the initial recognition and uptake of the major house dust mite and dog allergens Der p 1 and Can f 1, respectively. To confirm this, we used gene silencing

to specifically inhibit DC-SIGN expression by DCs followed by allergen uptake studies. Binding and uptake of Der p 1 and Can f 1 allergens was assessed by ELISA and flow cytometry. Intriguingly, our data showed that silencing DC-SIGN on DCs promotes a Th2 phenotype in DC/T cell co-cultures. These findings should lead to better understanding of the molecular basis of allergen-induced Th2 cell polarization and in doing so paves the way for the rational design of novel intervention strategies by targeting allergen receptors on innate immune cells or their carbohydrate counterstructures on allergens.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This research was originally published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. Emara, M., Royer, P-J., Mahdavi, J., Ghaemmaghami, A.M. Retagging identifies dendritic cell-specific Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-3 (ICAM3)-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) protein as a novel receptor for a major allergen from house dust mite. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2012: 5756-5763. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Keywords: Immunology Glycobiology, Extracellular Matrices
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham UK Campus > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences > School of Molecular Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Chamberlain, Mr Dick
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2014 21:50
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2016 16:36
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/2297

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