Rutting as a function of dynamic modulus and gradation
Apeagyei, Alex K. (2011) Rutting as a function of dynamic modulus and gradation. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 23 (9). pp. 1302-1310. ISSN 0899-1561
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000309
This study was conducted to investigate rutting resistance of asphalt concrete (AC) mixtures as a function of dynamic modulus and gradation. The Flow number (FN) test, the (NCHRP 9-19) recommended procedure for evaluating rutting resistance of AC mixtures, was used to simulate rutting in the laboratory. The FN test involves applying a repeated creep load to AC specimens for 10,000 cycles or until an accumulated strain of five percent. FN tests were conducted at 54°C and accumulated strain was monitored for each load cycle. The results were used to determine the onset of tertiary flow (or FN) for 16 AC mixtures (eight surface mixes, five base mixes, and three stone matrix asphalt) produced in Virginia. First-order multiple regression models were developed to describe the relationship among FN, dynamic modulus, and gradation. The results showed FN was strongly correlated to dynamic modulus values at 38°C, and gradation (percent passing various sieve sizes) for the 16 AC mixtures. Using previously published data, the veracity of the relationship of FN as a function of dynamic modulus and gradation was verified for 12 mixtures. The results suggest dynamic modulus and gradation could be considered as potential rutting specification parameters for QC/QA purposes in the field. The results may also be useful for optimizing the laboratory mix design process.
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