One-class classification for monitoring a specific land cover class: SVDD classification of fenland
Sanchez-Hernandez, Carolina and Boyd, Doreen S. and Foody, Giles M. (2007) One-class classification for monitoring a specific land cover class: SVDD classification of fenland. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 45 (4). pp. 1061-1073. ISSN 0196-2892
Remote sensing is a major source of land cover information. Commonly, interest focuses on a single land cover class. Although a conventional multi-class classifier may be used to provide a map depicting the class of interest the analysis is not focused on that class and may be sub-optimal in terms of the accuracy of its classification. With a conventional classifier, considerable effort is directed on the classes that are not of interest. Here, it is suggested that a one-class classification approach could be appropriate when interest focuses on a specific class. This is illustrated with the classification of fenland, a habitat of considerable conservation value, from Landsat ETM+ imagery. A range of one-class classifiers are evaluated but attention focuses on the support vector data description (SVDD). The SVDD was used to classify fenland with an accuracy of 97.5% and 93.6% from the user’s and producer’s perspectives respectively. This classification was trained upon only the fenland class and was substantially more accurate in fen classification than a conventional multi-class maximum likelihood classification provided with the same amount of training data, which classified fen with an accuracy of 90.0% and 72.0% from the user’s and producer’s perspectives respectively. The results highlight the ability to classify a single class using only training data for that class. With a one-class classification the analysis focuses tightly on the class of interest, with resources and effort not directed on other classes, and there are opportunities to derive highly accurate classifications from small training sets.
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