Vanguardia y humorismo gráfico en crisis: la Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939) y la Revolución Cubana (1958-1961)
Catalá Carrasco, Jorge L. (2011) Vanguardia y humorismo gráfico en crisis: la Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939) y la Revolución Cubana (1958-1961). PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
This thesis explores the relationship between the avant-garde and humour during two critical historical periods: the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and the early years of the Cuban Revolution (1959-1961). It focuses on those authors and magazines which persisted with the avant-garde approach despite the highly politicized climate. Some of them combined political compromise with the avant-garde. Others prioritised the avant-garde solely. The main object of study is comics oriented to an adult audience published in periodicals, clandestine magazines and, especially, the so called revista de trincheras during the Spanish Civil War. The medium, graphic narrative, helped to overcome literacy problems, while humour served as a communicative bridge to better spread the intended messages. In Cuba, the first two years of the Revolution were an ongoing process of defining a new political, cultural and social system. Graphic humour played a significant role in that task, further developing an already very rich national tradition. In that process of consolidation, the experimental humour magazine El Pitirre, very much under the umbrella of Lunes de Revolucion, approached humour as a liminal space, a space of conflict and instability with a universal drive, from existentialism to criticism of Imperialism, formally renovating graphic humour in Cuba by using a minimal but expressive line.
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