Surface chemistry modification of glass and gold for low density neural cell culture

Albutt, Darren James (2013) Surface chemistry modification of glass and gold for low density neural cell culture. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Surface chemical modifications are presented for supporting primary neurons in culture. The initial substrates for culture were glass and gold. The surface modifications were based on self assembled monolayer (SAM) approaches. Glass surfaces were initially modified by silanisation with either 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS) or 3-aminopropyldimethylethoxysilane (APDES), to present amino-terminated surfaces. Gold surfaces were initially modified by thiol SAMs of either 11-amino-1-undecanethiol (AUT) or a peptide fragment of laminin (PA22-2), to present an amino- or peptide-terminated surface respectively.

The amine-terminated surfaces of both glass and gold were subject to further modification. A heterobifunctional linker, containing a polyethylene glycol (PEG) spacer, was used to couple the peptide PA22-2 to the amino-terminated surfaces.

Surface modifications were characterised using WCA, XPS and ToF-SIMS. The heterobifunctional linker bound homogeneously across the AUT SAM surface, however the linker was not distributed evenly on either of the amino silanisations of glass.

Primary neurons from dissociated embryonic rat hippocampi were cultured on the modified glass and gold surfaces. The cell viability was measured during a 3 week long culture using calcein and ethidium homodimer fluorescence. Neuronal cell cultures were viable on all the gold surface modifications. The only viable glass surface was a control surface of adsorbed poly-l-lysine (PLL) on glass. Cell viability on the AUT and the Peptide-PEG-AUT modified gold surfaces was equivalent to the PLL coated glass. Inclusion of the PEG linker reduced protein adsorption from the media to the peptide modified gold surface, allowing cells to recognise the peptide rather than an adsorbed protein layer and improving their viability.

The presented gold surface modifications provide suitable substrates for neural cultures which can be used in existing applications for investigating neural activity, such as; multi-electrode arrays, micro-fluidics devices, and surface plasmon resonance.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Alexander, M.
Russell, N.
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology > QP351 Neurophysiology and neuropsychology
Q Science > QD Chemistry > QD450 Physical and theoretical chemistry
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Item ID: 13823
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2014 10:50
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2016 14:36
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/13823

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