Diagnosis and mechanisms of bovine ovarian cysts

Wills, Jennifer Rose (2012) Diagnosis and mechanisms of bovine ovarian cysts. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Ovarian cysts are a cause of reproductive failure and economic loss in postpartum dairy cows. Using a unique combination of research to approach this problem, this thesis aimed to better understand mechanisms of ovarian cyst formation.

The use of progesterone as a tool in cyst diagnosis was initially examined. Results demonstrated that 13/30 (43%) cows had progesterone profiles that disagreed with veterinarian diagnosis. Furthermore treatment in 21/30 (70%) cows was ineffective within 4 weeks of administration, and no pregnancy was established earlier than 8 weeks post treatment in all cows. When veterinarian and hormonal diagnosis agreed pregnancy was achieved, on average, two weeks earlier than when they disagreed.

Effects of cow management, specifically the NEB experienced during late gestation and early lactation were investigated to determine whether these increased requirements resulted in the development of ovarian cysts. Results demonstrated that from early lactation all 85 cows were in a state of NEB. Ovarian cysts were confirmed in 31/79 cows, and these cows had significantly higher or lower peripheral concentrations of some metabolites, vs. no-cyst cows.

Long term down-regulation with a GnRH agonist, followed by a period of observation to monitor the recovery of reproductive function, was conducted for evaluation as a potential model for ovarian cyst formation. Results indicated that 6/12 cows exhibited an LH surge within 104 hours of luteal regression while 6 animals did not (P<0.001). FSH concentrations in 6/12 cows showed divergence comparable with LH surges. 8/12 had at least 1 follicle >8mm and 5/12 had at least 1 follicle >20 mm. Follicle appearance was heterogeneous, with 63% of follicles showing some degree of luteinisation. Positive immunostaining for steroidogenic enzymes was detected in 12.5% of follicles.

In conclusion, these results have important clinical significance in improving the diagnosis and management of ovarian cysts in dairy cows.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Kendall, N.R.
Lea, R.
Mann, G.
Campbell, B.
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Item ID: 12674
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2013 14:11
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2016 18:06
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/12674

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