A novel dual surface type-2 fuzzy logic controller for a micro robot

Birkin, Philip (2010) A novel dual surface type-2 fuzzy logic controller for a micro robot. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Over the last few years there has been an increasing interest in the area of type-2 fuzzy logic sets and systems in academic and industrial circles. Within robotic research the majority of type-2 fuzzy logic investigations has been centred on large autonomous mobile robots, where resource availability (memory and computing power) is not an issue. These large robots usually have a variation of a Unix operating system on board. This allows the implementation of complex fuzzy logic systems to control the motors. Specifically the implementation of interval and geometric type-2 fuzzy logic controllers is of interest as they are shown to outperform type-1 fuzzy logic controllers in uncertain environments. However when it comes to using micro robots it is not practical to use type-1 and type-2 fuzzy logic controllers, due to the lack of memory and the processor time needed to calculate a control output value. The choice of motor controller is usually either fixed pre-set values, a variable scaled value or a PID controller to generate wheel velocities.

In this research novel ways of implementing type-1 and interval type-2 fuzzy logic controllers on micro robots with limited resources are investigated. The solution thatis being proposed is the use of pre-calculated 3D surfaces generated by an off-line Fuzzy Logic System covering the expected ranges of the input and output variables. The surfaces are then loaded into the memory of the micro robots and can be accessed by the motor controller. The aim of the research is to test if there is an advantage of using type-2 fuzzy logic controllers implemented as surfaces over type-1 and PID controllers on a micro robot with limited resources.

Control surfaces were generated for both type-1 and average interval type-2 fuzzy logic controllers. Each control surface was then accessed using bilinear interpolation to provide the crisp output value that was used to control the motor. Previously when this method has been used a single surface was employed to hold the information. This thesis presents the novel approach of the dual surface type-2 fuzzy logic controller on micro robots. The lower and upper values that are averaged for the classic interval type-2 controller are generated as surfaces and installed on the micro robots. The advantage is that nuances and features of both the lower and upper surfaces are available to be exploited, rather than being lost due to the averaging process.

Having conducted the experiments it is concluded that the best approach to controlling micro robots is to use fuzzy logic controllers over the classical PID controllers where ever possible. When fuzzy controllers are used then type-2 fuzzy controllers (dual or single surface) should be used over type-1 fuzzy controllers when applied as surfaces on micro robots. When a type-2 fuzzy controller is used then the novel dual surface type-2 fuzzy logic controller should be used over the classic average surface. The novel dual surface controller offers a dynamic, weighted, adaptive and superior response over all the other fuzzy controllers examined.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Garibaldi, J.M.
Keywords: mobile robots, robots programming, fuzzy logic
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ212 Control engineering systems. Automatic machinery
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Computer Science
Item ID: 12544
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 17 May 2012 10:16
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:09
URI: https://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/12544

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