Nutrients and tobacco : short and long-term effects on brain and cognition in childhood and adolescence
Kafouri, Salomi (2011) Nutrients and tobacco : short and long-term effects on brain and cognition in childhood and adolescence. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
The brain undergoes rapid structural and functional changes during gestation and in the first two years of life. But brain development also continues throughout childhood and adolescence with cognitive abilities getting improved. Threats to the vulnerable Central Nervous System can have long-lasting effects throughout the foetal and neonatal periods and beyond infancy, on all aspects of development. This thesis investigates the long-term associations of prenatal tobacco exposure, as well as the long-term associations of breastfeeding with brain and cognitive development of adolescents. Further, it investigates the short-term effects of omega-3 supplementation on brain and cognition of school-aged children. These will be examined in order to identify solutions for optimal development, both at brain and cognitive level, for the new generation.
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