Separation and control of gas-liquid flows at horizontal T-junctions
Baker, Glen (2003) Separation and control of gas-liquid flows at horizontal T-junctions. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
The separation of gas-liquid flows is an integral part of many industrial processes. Traditionally, such separations are performed in large vessels under the effect of gravity. However, such vessels can contain inherently large inventories of potentially flammable and/or toxic material. The main objective of this thesis is to combine the knowledge of partial phase separation at T-junctions with control strategies to enhance the development of continuous compact partial phase separators. Such applications would form an integral part of more intensive phase separation systems that allow for smaller downstream separator vessels. This would be especially beneficial to the petroleum industry where safety, space, weight and cost are all issues related to off-shore oil platforms. For such applications a simple definition for a partial phase separator would be one that produced two streams, one rich in gas and the other rich in liquid, each containing less than 10% v/v of the unwanted phase.
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