Action of philanthotoxin on ion channels of arthropod muscle
Khan, Tanwir Rahman (1994) Action of philanthotoxin on ion channels of arthropod muscle. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Calcium ions play an important role in many signalling pathways involved in normal cell metabolism. Pertrebations of normal Ca++ signalling may also play a pivotal role in the initiation of cell death. In these studies I have examined the influx of 45Ca++ into the extensor tibiae muscle of the locust (Schistocerca gregaria ). 45Ca++ entry could be stimulated by the addition of glutamate receptor-agonists or by activation of voltage activated calcium channels. L-glutamate, L-quisqualate and NMDA stimulated the influx of 45Ca++ while L-aspartate had only a small effect. DL-ibotenate, kainate, AMPA and glycine had no effect on 45Ca++ uptake (all agonists were tested at concentrations up to (100μM). Glycine (1μM) enhanced the 45Ca++ entry induced by NMDA and L-glutamate. Only the glycine potentiation of L-glu-stimulated responses was abolished in the presence of Mg++ (2mM) or AP5 (10μM) whereas the NMDA-stimulated response was completely abolished by these agents. These finding suggests that in the presence of glycine, L-glutamate may activate NMDA receptors and that in the absence of glycine L-glu-stimulated 45Ca++ entry occurs via activation of the qGluR.
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