Continuous and discrete properties of stochastic processes

Lee, Wai Ha (2010) Continuous and discrete properties of stochastic processes. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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This thesis considers the interplay between the continuous and discrete properties of random stochastic processes. It is shown that the special cases of the one-sided Lévy-stable distributions can be connected to the class of discrete-stable distributions through a doubly-stochastic Poisson transform. This facilitates the creation of a one-sided stable process for which the N-fold statistics can be factorised explicitly. The evolution of the probability density functions is found through a Fokker-Planck style equation which is of the integro-differential type and contains non-local effects which are different for those postulated for a symmetric-stable process, or indeed the Gaussian process. Using the same Poisson transform interrelationship, an exact method for generating discrete-stable variates is found. It has already been shown that discrete-stable distributions occur in the crossing statistics of continuous processes whose autocorrelation exhibits fractal properties. The statistical properties of a nonlinear filter analogue of a phase-screen model are calculated, and the level crossings of the intensity analysed. It is found that rather than being Poisson, the distribution of the number of crossings over a long integration time is either binomial or negative binomial, depending solely on the Fano factor. The asymptotic properties of the inter-event density of the process are found to be accurately approximated by a function of the Fano factor and the mean of the crossings alone.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Hopcraft, K.I.
Jakeman, E.
Keywords: continuous stable distribution, Gaussian distribution, discrete stable distribution, Poisson distribution, Fano factor, fracal properties, closed-form stable distributions, doubly stochastic Poisson transform, doubly stochastic Gaussian transform, Fokker-Planck equation, phase screen model, binomial, negative binomial, crossing statistics, inter-event density, persistence
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA273 Probabilities
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Item ID: 11194
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2010 10:02
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 06:50

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