Maternal disease, nutrition and social experience: consequences for the next generation

Curno, Olivia (2009) Maternal disease, nutrition and social experience: consequences for the next generation. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Natural selection should favour individuals who are able to adjust their life history strategy and resource allocation in response to changing environmental and social conditions. I examined the flexibility of reproductive resource allocation by female mice in response to manipulation of their nutritional, immunological and social environment. I considered the consequences of their investment decisions for the next generation. In five separate experiments I found that:

1. Food restricted females skewed their offspring sex ratio in favour of sons.

2. Ambient disease cues caused females to produce more resistant and less aggressive sons.

3. Direct parasitic infection prior to pregnancy caused females to produce more resistant sons with an altered hormonal response to socialisation.

4. Dominant females were less likely to become pregnant, suckled litters less post-partum, and produced more aggressive offspring.

5. Despite a mate-choice preference for subordinates, females which were mated with dominant males had bigger litters.

These responses by females to variation in their local environment are likely to have fitness consequences for their offspring, and as such would be acted upon by selection. Further work should seek to gain insight into the mechanisms underlying these responses, and determine the adaptive or non-adaptive nature of the flexibility observed.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Barnard, C.J.
Reader, T.
Keywords: Mice, Reproductive resource allocation, Life history strategy, Adaptation
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Biology
Item ID: 10841
Depositing User: EP, Services
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2010 14:44
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2016 12:57
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/10841

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