Interplay between hypoxia and gastrin in gastrointestinal cancer
Royal, E.L. (2009) Interplay between hypoxia and gastrin in gastrointestinal cancer. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.
Tumour hypoxia has been linked to increased resistance to both radiotherapy and chemotherapy, especially in solid metastatic GI tumours. Under hypoxic conditions, genes that promote tumour growth and survival are up-regulated, via the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). The digestive hormone gastrin, which is often over-expressed in GI cancers, has also been shown to act as a pro-survival factor, up-regulating processes such as tumour proliferation, angiogenesis and migration, and down-regulating apoptosis. Due to the high level of similarity between the downstream events mediated by the two proteins, the relationship between gastrin and HIF-1 was investigated.
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